NYBOT or New York Board of Trade is holding the New York sugar cocoa and coffee exchange which is the world forum for quality coffee futures as well as option trading. Most people who are new with the exchange think that they are the consumers of all coffee delivered. The exchange of high quality coffee solely matches sellers and buyers.
Coffee farmers are regularly coming out of the shadow of anonymity to recognize their efforts in producing good quality coffee around the world. Good quality of coffee has about 800 percent flavor component and coffee consumers are still counting. A twelve ounce cup of coffee made from beans costing 10 dollars per pound can be compared to less than twelve ounce can of coke. Coffee farmers and coffee consumers equally enjoy increasing the value of the great coffee.
Coffee is made by burning the seed of a coffee tree, a big evergreen shrub that has glossy deep-green leaves. The tree is sheltered with wonderful white blossoms that emit the delightful jasmine fragrance. There are 70 different species of a coffee tree from dwarf shrubs up to 40 feet tall tree. Arabica or coffee Arabica as well as “Coffea conephora” also known as Robusta is produced around the world. The best coffees come from the Arabica varieties particularly those grown on a higher altitude. Robusta, which is used mostly for instant coffee has the higher caffeine content and more neutral in taste.
Cultivating Quality Coffee
It all begins with planting particularly bred seeds in nursery designed houses so as to provide the right amount of shade and sun. After six months, the seedling that is planted in the field that had been prepared with minerals and fertilizer are set in soil. The coffee plantlet is planted in rows, following the contour of this slope. Hence, these are then spaced in order to allow room for the growth and maintenance of the soil and trees as well as to make the harvesting of the coffee easier.
The trees should have regular attention throughout the year to become productive. This includes the removal of the weeds that compete for the nutrients in the soil and the regular application of the insecticides and fungicides to protect against diseases and pests.
The coffee trees take at least two years for the young plant to start producing coffee beans. When the harvest time comes, the work increases radically. The perfect process is to handpick only the ripe cherries one by one. This process of having these cherries harvested is usually done in the pulping machine. The seeds are the next ones to be put inside the tanks for the duration of two to three days during that time.
The fallen cherries must be sifted and raked up either mechanically or manually to remove the leaves, dirt and sticks. The cherries are then put in the large 15 gallon basket. The washing process separates these ripe cherries which are from older dry cherries which have started to rot. Once the cherries are washed, the coffee is spread out on a large concrete terrace to be dried in the sun between fifteen to twenty days.
Receiving a great mug of quality coffee is a mixture of numerous different reasons. These reasons may vary depending on whether equipment is clean, what equipment they use, the water and how high quality the coffee bean is.
A good thing to remember is to find high quality coffee beans for you. Those jars or cans of coffee you get in the supermarket are not all fresh. You can even get quality coffee grind or have it crushed with your own coffee which is, of course, the best freshness of coffee you can ever get.